英 文 和 訳 030

Like other animals, man also reacts badly to overcrowding. Although in advanced civilization, the packing together of people in cities does not necessarily lead to a shortage of food, there may be detected some traces of the aggressiveness…

英 文 和 訳 029

Can one write the history of art 'up to the present day' as one can perhaps write the history of airplanes? Many critics and teachers hope and believe that one can. I am less sure. True, one can record and discuss the latest fashions, the …

英 文 和 訳 028

The metaphysical approaches have assumed the existence of a supreme, and usually divine, creator whose ends and means have been either revealed to, or otherwise perceived by, selected individuals in an extra-sensory manner (e.g., mystical …

英 文 和 訳 027

What does President Trump’s national security strategy say about “resilience,” then? “Resilience includes the ability to withstand and recover rapidly from deliberate attacks, accidents, natural disasters, as well as unconventional stresse…

英 文 和 訳 025

Macleod embarked on a crash program to tame the colossal losses. His crews began repairing and replacing mains. They put meters on residences, replaced four-gallon flush toilets with two-gallon models, and retrofitted wasteful showerheads …

英 文 和 訳 024

As the old poets did for the past, we like to imagine a golden age in our own lives and we conveniently forget facts that will not fit in with this agreeable theory. I have seen this in the case of others, who have quite sincerely describe…

英 文 和 訳 023

The very use of the concept "foreign" shows little grasp the Japanese have of anything outside their own country, and whenever I read anything about my own country in newspapers or magazines here I am appalled by the amount of ignorance di…

英 文 和 訳 022

My own feeling now is that the great majority of people have no interest whatsoever in understanding people of different cultures. The language barrier alienates people, and translation does not overcome it, probably because people like th…

英 文 和 訳 021

It’s not entirely clear why these disparities exist, or why ADHD diagnoses are on the rise overall. But the study suggests that heightened awareness of the condition and changing diagnostic criteria may partially explain the higher numbers…

英 文 和 訳 020

Man's love of "a quiet life" and his resistance to anything that threatens his mental harmony account for his dislike of change. He is a creature of habit whose ways of thinking are thrust upon him. He is taught from infancy to accept the …

英 文 和 訳 019

A certain number of people are always upset by hearing such stories. Soon after this meeting, I got a pleasant but agitated letter from an intelligent and highly trained psychologist who had heard my talk. How, she demanded, could children…

英 文 和 訳 018

It’s unclear what underlies the placebo effect. Some experts argue that the human body subconsciously responds physically and physiologically to the ritual of treatment, like Pavlov’s dogs, while others argue it’s the power of positive thi…

英 文 和 訳 017

We get used to particular newspapers and magazines and often, after a while, come to take their typical content for granted. Some degree of familiarity with a particular paper or magazine is often necessary, if what it has to offer is to c…

英 文 和 訳 016

Who ever reads a newspaper from cover to cover? Clearly almost nobody. There isn't time in a busy day, and not all the articles are equally interesting. All readers have their own personal tastes and purposes for reading, which cause them …

英 文 和 訳 015

Try to consider what would happen if a person were left totally unchanged by his experiences and activities. It is almost impossible to imagine what he would be like. Every situation he encountered would be forever strange, unfamiliar, unp…

英 文 和 訳 014

What light does the study of past history cast on the meaning of human experience and, in particular, to what extent does it sustain the belief in the progress of civilization? Leaving on one side the pessimistic theories widely prevalent …

英 文 和 訳 013

From the earliest age, we’re taught to follow the rules. Look both ways before crossing the street. Don’t talk to strangers. Color inside the lines. Wait your turn. Say please and thank you. Raise your hand to speak. Don’t talk with your m…

英 文 和 訳 012

To treat the wolf and the grandmother as opposite aspects of the same person may appear nonsensical to some readers. Red Riding Hood does not realize, any more than any other small child can be expected to recognize, that grandmotherly car…

英 文 和 訳 011

When an investigation was made into the effects of television programs on children, it was discovered that one of the things which most alarms the young is to find that an apparently 'good' and reliable parent is really a wicked person. So…

英 文 和 訳 010

When Red Riding Hood visits her grandmother she finds that a wolf has wrongfully taken the grandmother's place. The protective, kindly figure has been replaced by a dangerous and destructive creature. It is this exchange of figures which m…

英 文 和 訳 009

Both environmental and internal changes could enhance an older person’s sense of control, Bellingtier says. A nursing home, for example, could allow residents to select their own food options and mealtimes, rather than mandating a set menu…

英 文 和 訳 008

Today, however, this type of nuclear family seems to be undergoing a metamorphosis. As the number of children declines and the number of mothers with small children who go out to work grows rapidly, the separate economic preoccupations of …

英 文 和 訳 007

Despite its many virtues, the rise in the West of the individualistic, nuclear, child-oriented family has not always been a blessing. For instance, the decline of ties with the relatives deprived the wife of much external help which had pr…

英 文 和 訳 006

Men are seduced by the trappings of wealth, power, status, and possessions, but the secret of a fulfilled and satisfied life is the wisdom to know what will truly make us happy. Montaigne believed in the superiority of wisdom ― knowing wha…

英 文 和 訳 005

Seneca can be referred to for advice on coping with hardships, and actually he has much to say of relevance to such contemporary stupidities as violence observed in some soccer fans. He sees anger as a kind of madness, given that what make…

英 文 和 訳 004

Consider Epicurus. Here was a man prepared to confront the question, what does it take to make a man happy? His answer includes: friendship; freedom; a willingness to analyze and reduce anxieties about such things as death, illness, and mo…

英 文 和 訳 003

There is no point in philosophy unless it helps dispel mental sufferings. Originally the philosopher's role was like that of today's psychiatrist – to provide answers to how we are to live. In fact, modern psychiatry, whether it knows it o…

英 文 和 訳 002

We found schools with just a few seals in attendance, not feeding so much as playing with the shoal ―― treating it as a living beach ball. Watching sardines part and re-form around a seal is like watching some superorganism reshaping itsel…

英 文 和 訳 001

Over the 11 years since his discovery the Iceman mummy has been examined from every possible angle. But not until this past summer did those studying his still frozen body notice a crucial piece of evidence that dramatically rewrites his s…

は じ め に

英文読解力の向上を目指す講座です。ここで取り上げる英文の難易度は、中級ないし上級といったところですが、文法や構文などについて必要な解説を施しており、高校英語の標準的学力を有する方であれば、十分ご理解いただけるものと思います。受験生だけでは…